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The Reformation of the 16th century was not unprecedented. Reformers within the medieval church such as St. Francis of Assisi, Valdes (founder of the Waldensians), Jan Hus, and John Wycliffe addressed aspects in the life of the church in the centuries before The Reformation and Counter-Reformation represented the greatest upheaval in Western society since the collapse of the Roman Empire a millennium before. The consequences of those shattering events are still felt today—from the stark divisions between (and within) Catholic and Protestant countries to the Protestant ideology that governs America, the world's only remaining superpower. The Reformation - HISTORY. As a result of the Reformation, women were given new opportunities to be educated, participate in the church and in the family, and share the Gospel. Martin Luther proclaimed the priesthood of all believers, teaching that both men and women were equal before God and free to pursue their God-given vocational callings.
Thus in vol. 3 book 9 chap. 4, the Committee had been stopped by this expression: “It is the Episcopal authority itself that Luther calls to the bar of judgment in the person of the German primate.” The Committee consequently altered this phrase, and wrote: “It is the authority of Rome itself that LutherFile Size: 5MB. There is quite plausible evidence to suggest that, by the early sixteenth century, more lay people were prepared to welcome radical change. Protestant heresy could feed off a long and active tradition of Lollard dissent. In seeking reasons for the acceptance of change, one must gauge attitudes towards the less destructive aspects of the Reformation. Frequently the Reformation is described as a movement that revolved around two pivotal issues. The socalled “material” cause was the debate over sola fide (“justification by faith alone”). The “formal” cause was the issue of sola Scriptura, that the Bible and the Bible alone has the authority to bind the conscience of the believer. In the second and more important and positive aspect, the Reformation was the proclamation and inculcation, upon the alleged authority of Scripture, of certain views in regard to the substance of Christianity or the way of salvation, and in regard to the organization and ordinances of the Christian church” (William Cunningham, The Reformers and the Theology of the Reformation).
Thomas Kidd has already posted a number of recommended books on the Reformation from fellow historians and an interview with Thomas Albert (Tal) Howard on commemorating the Reformation. The upcoming TGC national conference will have several sessions—plenary and breakout—devoted to various aspects of the Reformation. The sometimes tendentious relationship between church and state finds its roots both in the reaction to state control and yet the idea that somehow the teaching of holy scripture should "apply to every aspect of social, political, and economic life.". We may trace all this and more back to the English Reformation, /5. The Reformation by Diarmaid McCulloch is a good read that covers all the various theological, political, social, and personal aspects of that period. Reformation Thought, by Alister McGrath, focuses more tightly on theology. The Reformation created the fissures that define the contemporary Christian landscape. When we look at the Christian world today, we are seeing Christianity as it .